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Backgammon Game Basis You May Also Like VideoGrandmaster sharing secrets while playing!! About Bar Games Bar Games is a website Inferno Casino to helping you learn about the best games to play with your friends. The tree of positions expands rapidly because of the number of possible dice Kostenloses Mmorpg and Hertha Vfb moves available on each turn. Classic Mahjong. Variants commonly alter the starting position, restrict certain moves, or assign special value to certain dice rolls, Affenspiele.De in some geographic regions Dino Spiele Kostenlos Spielen the rules and directions of the checkers' movement change, rendering the game fundamentally different. Backgammon is one of the oldest known board games. Its history can be traced back nearly 5, years to archaeological discoveries in Persia and Mesopotamia. It is a two-player game where each player has fifteen pieces (checkers or men) that move between twenty-four triangles (points) according to the roll of two dice. Welcome to the world of Backgammon. This classic board game really springs to life in this exciting and challenging online version. Take on other players from around the world while you enjoy a gaming tradition that goes back thousands of years. Check out this classic game of skill, strategy, and luck. AARP's online Backgammon game will challenge your mind and gaming ability. Play today!. Backgammon is a popular ancient board game. It is played with two players (lucky you, we have a computer player to enjoy!). The object of backgammon is to move all your checkers around the board in a clockwise motion and ultimately bear off the checkers from the board. The first player to remove all their checkers is the winner. For over five millennia, the game of Backgammon has been played in one form or another around the world. At its heart, Backgammon is a simple racing game where two opponents compete to be the first one to complete the course and bear off all of their pieces.
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Your objective is to free all your checkers from the board before your opponent. Roll your dice and move your units in your respective direction in order to reach the top right part in case of the black ones or the bottom right part of the board in case of the white ones.
This internet game requires strategic thinking skills, so get ready to use your brain like never before. Will you manage to get ahead of your opponent and remove all your checkers first?
Find out and have fun with Backgammon! Use your phone in landscape mode for a better experience. OPTIONS Backgammon Preferred color. Classic mode.
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Customize opponents Backgammon Multiplayer Lobby Click a table to join a multiplayer game. Leave table Private table created The code for the table is: Give that code to whoever you want to play with, they can use it to join.
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Real-time online play began with the First Internet Backgammon Server in July ,   but there are now a range of options,  many of which are commercial.
Backgammon has been studied considerably by computer scientists. Neural networks and other approaches have offered significant advances to software for gameplay and analysis.
The first strong computer opponent was BKG 9. It was written by Hans Berliner in the late s on a DEC PDP as an experiment in evaluating board game positions.
Early versions of BKG played badly even against poor players, but Berliner noticed that its critical mistakes were always at transitional phases in the game.
He applied principles of fuzzy logic to improve its play between phases, and by July , BKG 9. It won the match 7—1, becoming the first computer program to defeat a world champion in any board game.
Berliner stated that the victory was largely a matter of luck, as the computer received more favorable dice rolls. In the late s, backgammon programmers found more success with an approach based on artificial neural networks.
TD-Gammon , developed by Gerald Tesauro of IBM , was the first of these programs to play near the expert level. Its neural network was trained using temporal difference learning applied to data generated from self-play.
Tesauro proposed using rollout analysis to compare the performance of computer algorithms against human players.
The rollout score of the human or the computer is the difference of the average game results by following the selected move versus following the best move, then averaged for the entire set of taken moves.
Neural network research has resulted in three modern proprietary programs , JellyFish,  Snowie  and eXtreme Gammon,  as well as the shareware BGBlitz  and the free software GNU Backgammon.
The strength of these programs lies in their neural networks' weights tables, which are the result of months of training.
Without them, these programs play no better than a human novice. For the bearoff phase, backgammon software usually relies on a database containing precomputed equities for all possible bearoff positions.
Computer-versus-computer competitions are also held at Computer Olympiad events. The history of backgammon can be traced back nearly 5, years to its origins in Mesopotamia modern-day Iraq.
The Royal Game of Ur from BCE may also be an ancestor or intermediate of modern-day table games like backgammon. It used tetrahedral dice.
Various other other board games spanning from the 10th to 7th centuries BCE have been found throughout modern day Iraq, Syria, Egypt and western Iran.
Today the game in various forms continues to be commonly played in Iraq, Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan throughout the Arab world.
In the modern Arab Levant and Iraq, the game is commonly called tawle , which means table. This may represent a shared name origin with the Roman or Byzantine variant of the game.
It is also commonly referred to by shesh besh shesh meaining six in Hebrew , Aramaic and Northwest Semitic , and besh meaning five in Turkish , amongst Arabs as well as by some Kurdish, Persian and Turkish speakers.
Shesh Besh is commonly used to refer to when a player scores a 5 and 6 at the same time on dice. An older game resembling backgammon may have also been played in the easternmost part of the prehistoric Iranian plateau , far from Mesopotamia.
The rules of this game, like others found in Egypt, have yet to be deciphered. It is however made from ebony, a material more likely to be found in the Indian subcontinent which indicates such board games may be more widespread than once thought.
In the 11th century Shahnameh , the Persian poet Ferdowsi credits Burzoe with the invention of the tables game nard in the 6th century.
He describes an encounter between Burzoe and a Raja visiting from India. The Raja introduces the game of chess , and Burzoe demonstrates nard , played with dice made from ivory and teak.
Murray details many versions of backgammon; modern Nard is noted there as being the same as backgammon and maybe dating back to — AD in the Babylonian Talmud,  although others believe the Talmud references the Greek race game Kubeia.
Iranologist Touraj Daryaee , Chair of Persian Studies at U. Irvine, on the first written mention of earlier variants of backgammon—writes:.
The use of dice for the game is another indication of its Indic origin since dice and gambling were a favorite pastime in ancient India.
According to the historical legend, the Indian king Dewisarm sends his minister Taxritos to Persia with the game of chess , and a letter challenging Sasanian King Khosrow I to solve the riddle or rationale for the game.
Khosrow asks for three days to decipher the game, but initially, no-one in the court is able to make any progress.
On the third day, Khosrow's minister, Wuzurgmihr, successfully rises and explains the logic of the game. As a reciprocal challenge, Wuzurgmihr constructs the game of backgammon and delivers it to the Indian king who is unable to decipher the game.
There are two games of nardi commonly played:. Short nardi : Set-up and rules are the same as backgammon. Long nardi : A game that starts with all fifteen checkers placed in one line on the point and on the point.
The two players move their checkers in opposing directions, from the point towards the 1-point, or home board. In long nardi , one checker by itself can block a point.
There is no hitting in long nardi. The objective of the game is bearing all checkers off the board, and there is no doubling cube.
It is described in an epigram of Byzantine Emperor Zeno AD — Like today, each player had 15 checkers and used cubical dice with sides numbered one to six.
The only differences from modern backgammon were the use of an extra die three rather than two and the starting of all pieces off the board with them entering in the same way that pieces on the bar enter in modern backgammon.
Zeno, who was white, had a stack of seven checkers, three stacks of two checkers and two "blots", checkers that stand alone on a point and are therefore in danger of being put outside the board by an incoming opponent checker.
Zeno threw the three dice with which the game was played and obtained 2, 5 and 6. As in backgammon, Zeno could not move to a space occupied by two opponent black pieces.
The white and black checkers were so distributed on the points that the only way to use all of the three results, as required by the game rules, was to break the three stacks of two checkers into blots, exposing them and ruining the game for Zeno.
The earliest known mention of the game is in Ovid 's Ars Amatoria 'The Art of Love' , written between 1 BC and 8 AD.
In Roman times, this game was also known as alea , and a likely apocryphal Latin story linked this name, and the game, to a Trojan soldier named Alea.
Race board games involving dice have existed for millennia in the Near East and eastern Mediterranean, including the game senet of Ancient Egypt.
Senet was excavated, along with illustrations, from Egyptian royal tombs dating to BC. The usual Tavla rules are same as in the neighboring Arab countries and Greece, as established over a millennium ago,  but there are also many quite different variants.
Players try to flip their pieces over the opponents' pieces to beat them. So I studied page introductory books, and then followed that with a dozen or so other books and about internet articles.
Then I played about 10, games against folks far better than me on the internet, and an equal number against computer programs like jellyfish and gnu.
As a result, I am not an expert, but I am competent and have a FIBS rating of about When I was a Resident, polishing my clinical skills prior to entering the world of private practice, part of my job was to give lectures to interns and medical students on the various problems encountered in Internal Medicine.
The basis of clinical teaching in medicine is "See one, do one, teach one". They need to learn to ask the right questions, to absorb the lessons and to put them into practice.
The Bar: is located at the extremely center of your backgammon board. Each checker that is hit is sent to the bar which is some kind of beginning line for all checkers before entering a home board.
Each player rolls a single die. The player with the higher roll goes first. The roll of the dice indicates how many points; the player is to move his checkers.
Points: are the 24 triangles on the game board. At the point when players say they made a point it implies they have placed more than one checker on one of these points.
Conversely, a blot is a jargon that means a point occupied by a single checker. And so, for example, if a player rolls a 3 with one of their dice but has no checkers on their corresponding 3-point, they must move a checker 3 points from any checkers situated on the highest numbered point.
If there are no checkers on a higher point, then they must remove a checker from the highest occupied point.
Players must move or remove checkers using both full dice values, or if that isn't possible they must move or remove their checkers using the maximum possible number of point moves, according to the above rules.
If a player's checker s are hit after they have started bearing-off, then they must move it back into play and around the board back into their home-board before any more of their checkers may be borne-off.
Once a player has removed borne-off all their checkers from their home-board, they have won the game. Once you've learnt the basic rules you can move on to further rules relating to gambling, the doubling cube, and more.
Gammons, Doubling, and More Backgammon Rules. Moving Checkers Players then take turns at rolling their dice and moving their checkers around the board.Dangerous Game Backgammon by Galison Las Vegas Encore Christian LacroixGame Über dieses Produkt. V BITKOM zu lesenlässt in Kürze Online-Casinos in ganz Deutschland zu. Wer positiv auf Kickboxing Southampton Corona-Virus getestet wurde, muss zu Hause in Quarantäne bleiben.